World leaders have embraced a sweeping 15- year
global plan of action to end poverty, reduce inequalities and protect the environment, known as the Sustainable Development Goals.
They recently met at United Nations (UN) summit for the adoption of the post-2015 development agenda
in New York, which was convened as a high-level plenary meeting of the General Assembly.
The 70th session of the United Nations General Assembly in New York, took place under the theme:
“The United Nations at 70 – the road ahead for peace, security and human rights”.
The UNGA is the main deliberative, policymaking and representative organ of the UN.
Comprising all 193 members of the UN, it provides a unique forum for multilateral discussion of the full spectrum of international issues covered by the Charter of the UN.
Titled “Transforming our world: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”,
the agreement by world leaders on a set of 17 goals and 169 targets will come into effect on 1 January 2016, replacing the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) set in 2000.
“We have reached a defining moment in human history,” said UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon prior to the unanimous adoption of the post-2015 development framework, describing it as “a promise by leaders to all people everywhere.”
The goals formed an agenda “for people and the planet”, as well as “for shared prosperity, peace and partnership”, he said.
It conveyed the urgency of climate action, enshrined gender equality and respect for the rights of all, and pledged to leave “no one behind”.
“The true test of commitment to Agenda 2030 will be implementation,” he added, stressing the need for action from all States.
The agenda also required global partnership involving all stakeholders,
including parliaments, local governments, civil society and academia. “No one can succeed working alone.”
President Jacob Zuma said South Africa endorsed the transformative post-2015 development agenda without
any reservations. He noted that the goals and targets, cover all three dimensions of sustainable development and enables countries to continue seamlessly from the MDGs.
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